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What are the types of fertilizer & how do they help plants grow?

Organic fertilizers include slurries, animal manure, and crop residues. They are typically present on the farm, and the nutrients and organic carbon they contain are recycled, despite their varying nutritional values. There is a wide variety of nutrient sources in animal manures and slurries, each with its own unique physical properties and nutrient content. In addition, the type of livestock and farm management system influence their nutrient content, which varies regionally. Plants produce food through the procedure of photosynthetic. Plants use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water in this process. As a result, the plant gets 95% of its food from photosynthesis. Similar to us, plants require oxygen for respiration.

However, plants require micronutrients, supplementary nutrients, and basic nutrients to remain healthy. A wide variety of “organic” fertilizers can assist farmers in adapting their fertilization practices to their farm and environment: Mineral fertilizer inclusive of organic, organo-mineral, and inhibitors, lime, growing media, plant biostimulants, and other similar substances.

Basic nutrients: Soil provides three major essential nutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K).

Supplementary nutrients: Sulfur, calcium, and magnesium are also essential nutrients, but the soil only needs a small amount of each.

 Micronutrients: Mineral nutrients like chlorine, iron, boron, copper, zinc, and molybdenum are very little needed in the soil. These are crucial to the growth of plants.


All the above nutrients can be provided to plants by applying following manure:

Organic fertilizers:

Over time, all organic fertilizers release nutrients slowly and steadily. In order to guarantee a continuous supply of nutrients, organic fertilizers must be provided in larger quantities. They make the soil have more humus, which keeps the soil moist and improves its overall health and quality. Manure, compost, and other natural and organic materials are the primary ingredients in organic fertilizers. The nutrients in these fertilizers are excellent; Even though certain nutrients cannot be measured, some bags will print estimates. Organic fertilizers typically have a long-term, sluggish effect. Over time, it can help build up your soil.

Cow dung manure:

Nitrogen Fertilizers

It is most regularly available organic manure in India. In any case, fresh cow dung should be substituted for rotten cow dung manure. The ideal form of cow dung manure is black, powdery, and moist.

Growth is caused by nitrogen, a plan nutrient. This ingredient is useful in fertilizers, especially in the middle of a plant’s life when it needs to be encouraged to keep growing large, stemmed new leaves.

Fertilizer Forms

There are a few different types of fertilizer. There is granular, powder, and liquid. Water is frequently utilized to dilute liquid fertilizers. Spreading them is similar to using a hose attachment to water your garden. Powdered fertilizers also require water to work. They are typically applied by hand and watered until completely absorbed.


Potassium Fertilizers

Potassium will enable your plants to develop roots that are both deeper and more robust. It can also assist in preventing harm to your plants when they lack other nutrients. This nutrient can slow down any diseases that may infect your garden and is necessary for photosynthesis.

Phosphate Fertilizers

Phosphorous is an essential nutrient for plants. Phosphorus contributes to the strengthening of a plant’s stems and root systems throughout its life cycle. Phosphorus can help with fruiting, seeding, and flowering.


Fertilizer Benefits

For proper growth, plants require certain essential nutrients as they grow. Fertilizers can ensure that plants get the nutrients they need when they are planted and growing.
It will guarantee the plant’s lush growth and ensure that it receives the appropriate nutrients. During the various stages of plant development, fertilizers may offer distinct advantages.


1.Boosting Growth. Plants can grow more quickly with fertilizers. Nitrogen is regarded as a greening and growth stimulant. Therefore, fertilizers with a lot of nitrogen are especially good for growing plants.

2. Acceleration of Maturation. Fertilizers contain phosphorus, which is primarily responsible for plant maturity. Therefore, phosphorus-rich fertilizers like this should be applied by planters who wish to accelerate the maturity of their plants.

3. Enhance Resistance. The stalks and straws of plants can be strengthened with potassium, allowing them to hold in more water and be more resistant to drought. Therefore, fertilizers can enhance the quality of fruit and seed, leading to increased yields and increased profits.

4. Conditioning Soil. The soil’s natural chemical composition can be restored with the proper application of fertilizers. An excessive reliance on a single kind of fertilizer can change the natural balance of the nutrients in the soil, which can lead to poor conditions. The chemical balance of the soil can be improved by using organic fertilizers. In addition to the aforementioned general effects on plant growth, some fertilizers can meet specific plant requirements. When soil condition is required, these special-purpose fertilizers are typically utilized.

Requirements for plant growth

Green leaves on an upright plant indicate health. To thrive, plants require nutrients, water, sunlight, warmth, and air. A plant’s growth or even death could be impacted if it does not meet one of these requirements. A plant, for instance, that is kept in a dark location will, in its search for light, grow tall and spindly before eventually becoming weak and dying.
Without water, a plant will eventually die with a weak stem and dried-up leaves.
If a seed is kept too cold, it will never grow into a plant. To germinate (transform from a seed into a plant) and begin growing into a healthy plant, the seed needs warmth.

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